Preclinical Specificity and Activity of CABA-201, a Fully Human 4-1BB Containing CD19 CAR T Therapy for Treatment-Resistant Autoimmune Disease

Tandem 2024 | February 22, 2024

Deep serological profiling of SLE patients treated with anti-CD19 4-1BBz CAR T-cells

ACR Convergence 2023 | November 13, 2023

Samik Basu, Daniel Nunez, Darshil Patel, Jenell Volkov, Zachary Vorndran, Steven Wong, Andreas Mackensen, Georg Schett.

Correlative findings following DSG3-CAART infusion with and without preconditioning in patients with Pemphigus Vulgaris (DesCAARTes™ study)

ESGCT | October 25, 2023

Cytokine and reactivity profiles in SLE patients following anti-CD19 CART therapy

Molecular Therapy: Methods & Clinical Development | September 1, 2023

Daniel Nunez, Darshil Patel, Jenell Volkov, Steven Wong, Zachary Vorndran, Fabian Müller, Michael Aigner, Simön Volkl, Andreas Mackensen, Georg Schett, Samik Basu

Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells targeting CD19+ B-cells have demonstrated efficacy in refractory systemic lupus erythematous (SLE). Although initial clinical data suggest that anti-CD19 CAR T-cell therapy is well tolerated and highly effective, the immunologic consequences of CAR T-cell therapy in SLE patients remain unclear. We profiled serum in six refractory SLE patients prior to and three months following CAR T-cell infusion. Three months post T-cell infusion, the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNFα decreased in patient sera. This was accompanied by elevations in serum IL-7 and BAFF. Furthermore, SLE-associated antibodies dropped profoundly in five of six patients. Lastly, consistent with other reports of CD19 CAR T therapy in B-cell malignancies, we were able to show marginal impact of anti-CD19 CART therapy on pre-existing humoral immune responses in SLE patients. Together, these results provide insights into the mechanisms of efficacy of anti-CD19 CAR T-cell therapy in SLE.

Preclinical specificity and activity of CABA-201, a fully human 4-1BB containing CD19 CAR T therapy for treatment-resistant autoimmune disease

ASGCT 2023 | May 19, 2023

Correlative findings following DSG3-CAART infusion with and without combination preconditioning therapy in patients with PV (DesCAARTes study)

ASGCT 2023 | May 18, 2023

CAR T Cell to Treat Autoimmunity

ASGCT 2023 | May 16, 2023

Precision targeting of autoantigen-specific B cells in muscle-specific tyrosine kinase myasthenia gravis with chimeric autoantibody receptor T cells

Nature Biotechnology | January 19, 2023

Muscle-specifc tyrosine kinase myasthenia gravis (MuSK MG) is an autoimmune disease that causes life-threatening muscle weakness due to anti-MuSK autoantibodies that disrupt neuromuscular junction signaling. To avoid chronic immunosuppression from current therapies, we engineered T cells to express a MuSK chimeric autoantibody receptor with CD137-CD3ζ signaling domains (MuSK-CAART) for precision targeting of B cells expressing anti-MuSK autoantibodies. MuSK-CAART demonstrated similar efcacy as anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cells for depletion of anti-MuSK B cells and retained cytolytic activity in the presence of soluble anti-MuSK antibodies. In an experimental autoimmune MG mouse model, MuSK-CAART reduced anti-MuSK IgG without decreasing B cells or total IgG levels, refecting MuSK-specifc B cell depletion. Specifc of-target interactions of MuSK-CAART were not identifed in vivo, in primary human cell screens or by high-throughput human membrane proteome array.These data contributed to an investigational new drug application and phase 1 clinical study design for MuSK-CAART for the treatment of MuSK autoantibody-positive MG.

Characterization of DSG3-CAART cells prior to & following adoptive transfer in mPV

ESGCT Congress | October 13, 2022

A Phase 1 trial of DSG3-CAART cells in mucosal-dominant pemphigus vulgaris patients: preliminary data

EADV Congress | September 10, 2022

A Phase 1 trial of DSG3-CAART cells in mucosal-dominant pemphigus vulgaris patients: preliminary data

EADV Congress (Abstract Only) | August 29, 2022

A Phase 1 Trial Of DSG3-CAART Cells In mPV Patients: Early Cohort Clinical and Translational Data

SID 2022 | May 20, 2022

Characterization of DSG3-CAART Cells Prior To & Following Adoptive Transfer in mPV

ASGCT 2022 | May 17, 2022

A Phase 1 Trial of Targeted DSG3-CAART Cell Therapy in mPV Patients: Early Cohort Data

ASGCT 2022 | May 17, 2022

Antigen-specific B-cell depletion for precision therapy of mucosal pemphigus vulgaris

The Journal of Clinical Investigation | August 20, 2020

Desmoglein 3 chimeric autoantibody receptor T cells (DSG3-CAART) expressing the pemphigus vulgaris (PV) autoantigen DSG3 fused to CD137-CD3ζ signaling domains, represent a precision cellular immunotherapy approach for antigen-specific B cell depletion. Here, we present definitive preclinical studies enabling a first-in-human trial of DSG3-CAART for mucosal PV. DSG3-CAART specifically lysed human anti-DSG3 B cells from PV patients and demonstrated activity consistent with a threshold dose in vivo, resulting in decreased target cell burden, decreased serum and tissue-bound autoantibodies, and increased DSG3-CAART engraftment.

Reengineering chimeric antigen receptor T cells for targeted therapy of autoimmune disease

Science | July 8, 2016

Autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis lack therapies that specifically target only the disease-causing cells. Inspired by the clinical success of using chimeric antigen receptor T cells to treat certain types of cancers, Ellebrecht et al. asked whether a similar approach might also work against antibody-driven autoimmune diseases.